Background on Ecosystem Esteemed naturalist and writer Aldo Leopold purchased land that was damaged by intensive agriculture and made efforts to restore it to a more naturally functioning ecosystem. This area’s lowland forests near the Wisconsin River are subjected to an abundance of traffic noise from two interstate highways that were built and/or expanded after Leopold’s death.
Specific Location Leopold Pine Island Important Bird Area, Sauk County, Wisconsin, United States of America
Biome Classification(s) Köppen-Geiger: Dfb Snow Fully Humid Warm Summer
Threats to Ecosystems and Animals
Land use change, habitat fragmentation, and noise pollution can have negative consequences for animals in this region.
- Study 1: Highway Impact Study. In this study we examined the changes in bird communities and their resultant soundscapes at different distances from highways to investigate the impact of habitat structure and technophony.